GRATISBOK TIL FABULAS LESERE!
Jordskjelv - Earthquake
Som en logisk følge av min interesse for Maya-folket og deres profetier, legger jeg her ut data omkring de siste jordskjelvene på kloden. I min artikkel "Jaguarens død" kan du lese mer om bakgrunnen for dette.
Klar økning av jordskjelv siden 1800-tallet
Number of eq increasing since 1800 AD
As a logical consquence of my interest in the Mayan Prophecies you can find data of the latest eartqukes in the world on this site. My article "Death of a Jaguar" explaines it all.
Largest Earthquakes in 1999
- August 17, Turkey, 7.8
- September 20, Taiwan, 7.7
- Earthquakes with the most casualties in 1999
- January 25, Colombia.
- At least 1,185 killed, over 700 missing and presumed killed, over 4,750 injured, and over 250,000 homeless.
- August 17, Turkey.
- More than 17,000 killed, 50,000 injured, thousands missing, and about 600,000 homeless. Damage estimated at 3 to 6.5 billion U.S. dollars.
- September 20, Taiwan.
- At least 2,400 killed, over 8,700 injured, 82,000 housing units damaged, and 600,000 left homeless. Damaged estimated at 14 billion U.S. dollars.
Largest Earthquakes in 2000
- June 4, Southern Sumatera, Indonesia, 8.0
- June 18, South Indian Ocean, 7.8
- November 16, New Ireland Region, P.N.G., 8.1
- November 16, New Ireland Region, P.N.G., 7.8
- November 17, New Britain Region, P.N.G., 8.0
Earthquakes with the most casualties in 2000
May 4, Sulawesi, Indonesia, 7.6
- At least 46 people killed, 264 injured, and extensive damage and power outages occurred in the Luwuk area, Sulawesi and on nearby islands. 80% of buildings were damaged or destroyed on Banggai. Damage also occurred on Peleng. Dozens of houses damaged (VII) and a local market destroyed by fire at Luwuk. Much of the damage east of Luwuk and on Peleng was caused by a local tsunami with estimated wave heights up to 6 meters.
June 4, Southern Sumatera, Indonesia, 8.0
- At least 103 people killed, 2,174 injured, and extensive damage (VI) and landslides in the Bengkulu area; minor injuries and damage on Enggano.
November 25, Caspian Sea, 6.3
- At least 26 people killed (3 from the earthquake, 21 from heart attacks and 2 on November 26 from a natural gas explosion which resulted from a damaged valve from the mainshock) and more than 300 injured in the Baku area. Some damage and utilities disrupted in the Baku area. The earthquake was felt over a wide area including Makhachkala, Russia; Tbilisi, Georgia; northern Iran. This was preceded by an event at 1809 UTC.
Largest Earthquakes in 2001
- January 1, Mindanao, Philippines, 7.4
- January 9, Vanuatu Islands (New Caledonia), 7.0
- January 10, Kodiak Island, Alaska, 7.0
- January 14, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, 7.9
- January 26, Gujarat, India, 7.9
- February 13, El Salvador, 6.6
- February 13, Indonesia. 7.3
- February 28, Seattle, Washington, 7.0
- February 28, Loyalty Islands, 6.6
- February 28, Nicaragua, 6.0
- June 23, Peru, 8.4
- July 7, Peru, 7.6
Earthquakes with the most casualties in 2001
January 13, El Salvador, 7.7M
- At least 844 people killed, 4,723 injured, 108,226 houses destroyed and more than 150,000 buildings damaged in El Salvador. About 585 of the deaths were caused by large landslides in Nueva San Salvador and Comasagua. Utilities and roads damaged by more than 16,000 landslides. Damage and injuries occurred in every department of El Salvador. Eight people killed in Guatemala. Felt from Mexico City to Colombia.
January 26, India, 7.7M
- At least 20,085 people killed, 166,836 injured, approximately 339,000 buildings destroyed and 783,000 damaged in the Bhuj-Ahmadabad-Rajkot area and other parts of Gujarat. Many bridges and roads damaged in Gujarat. At least 18 people killed and some injured in southern Pakistan. Felt throughout northern India and much of Pakistan. Also felt in Bangladesh and western Nepal. The earthquake occurred along an approximately east-west trending thrust fault at shallow depth. The stress that caused this earthquake is due to the Indian plate pushing northward into the Eurasian plate. Complex earthquake. A small event is followed by a larger one about 2 seconds later.
February 13, El Salvador, 6.6M
- At least 315 people killed, 3,399 injured and extensive damage. The most severe damage occurred in the San Juan Tepezontes-San Vicente-Cojutepeque area. Landslides occurred in many areas of El Salvador. Felt throughout El Salvador and in Guatemala and Honduras.
June 23, Near Coast of Peru, 8.4M
- At least 75 people killed, including 26 killed by a tsunami, 2,687 injured, 17,510 homes destroyed and 35,549 homes damaged in the Arequipa-Camana-Tacna area. An additional 64 people missing due to the tsunami in the Camana-Chala area. Landslides blocked highways in the epicentral area. Many of the historic buildings at Arequipa were damaged or destroyed. Some people injured and damage reported in the Arica, Chile area. Felt (VIII) at Arica, (VI) at Iquique, (V) at Calama and (III) at Tocopilla, Chile. Felt strongly in much of southern Peru and northern Chile. Also felt in Bolivia. Tsunami runup heights near Camana are estimated from field evidence to have reached approximately 7m at some locations; at other locations, the tsunami inundation distance extended more than 1 km inland from the coast. Tsunami wave heights (peak-to-trough) recorded from selected tide stations: 2.5m at Arica; 1.5m at Iquique; 1.0m at Coquimbo, Chile. The earthquake occurred at the boundary between the Nazca and South American tectonic plates. The two plates are converging towards each other at a rate of about 78mm per year. The earthquake occurred as thrust-faulting on the interface between the two plates, with the South American plate moving up and seaward over the Nazca plate. Southwestern Peru has a history of very large earthquakes. The June 23 shock originated just southeast of the source of a magnitude 7.7 earthquake that occurred in 1996, and it appears to have involved rupture of part of the plate boundary segment that produced an earthquake of magnitude approximately 9.0 in 1868. The 1868 earthquake was destructive in towns that were heavily damaged in the June 23 earthquake. The 1868 earthquake produced a tsunami that killed thousands of people along the South American coast and also caused damage in Hawaii and alarm in Japan.Complex event. The initial onset consists of two events separated by about 6 seconds. It is followed by at least one larger complex event occurring about 40 seconds later.
Deaths from Earthquakes in 2001: 21,358
Earthquakes with the most casualties in 2002
At least 44 people killed, 318 injured and 622 buildings damaged in Afyon Province. Felt in much of west-central Turkey. Also felt in the Dodecanese Islands, Greece. Maximum acceleration of 0.113 g was recorded at Afyon. Preliminary reports indicate 30 km of surface faulting with vertical offset in the Cay-Sultandagi area. Two new hot springs formed in the area and others changed their flow rates. Most of this information was obtained from reports on the websites of Bogazici University, Turkey and GeoForschungZentrum Potsdam, Germany.
March 3, Hindu Kush Region, Afganistan, 7.4
At least 150 people killed, several injured and 400 houses damaged or destroyed by a landslide that dammed and flooded Surkundara Valley, Samanghan Province. At least 13 people killed at Kabul and Rustaq and 3 people killed at Bajaua, Pakistan. At least 300 houses destroyed in Badakhshan and Takhar Provinces. A 50 yard wide fissure opened in Xiker Reservoir in Xinjiang Province, China. Felt in much of Afghanistan and Pakistan. Also felt in India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Xinjiang, China.
March 25, Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan, 6.1
At least 1,000 people killed, several hundred injured and several thousand homeless in Baghlan Province. At least 1,500 houses destroyed or damaged at Nahrin and several hundred more in other areas of Baghlan Province. Landslides blocked many roads in the epicentral area. Felt strongly in much of northern Afghanistan. Also felt in the Islamabad-Peshawar area, Pakistan and at Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
June 22, Western Iran, 6.5
At least 261 people killed, 1300 injured and thousands of buildings destroyed or damaged (VIII) in the Ab Garm-Abhar-Avaj-Shirin Su area. Water and irrigation systems were severely damaged in the area. Surface fissures were observed between Abdarreh and Changureh, which were the villages that sustained the heaviest damage. Damage was estimated at 91 million U.S. dollars. Felt strongly in much of western Iran, including Tehran. For detailed information about this earthquake, see the International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, online at http://www.iiees.ac.ir/bank/eng_avaj.html.
October 31, Southern Italy, 5.9
At least 29 people killed, some injured, a number missing and extensive damage in the Campobasso area
- February 3, Turkey, 6.5
Earthquakes with the most casualties in 2003
Deaths from Earthquakes in 2003
January 22, Colima, Mexico, 7.6
At least 29 people killed, 300 injured, about 10,000 homeless, 2,005 houses destroyed and 6,615 damaged. Most of the deaths and damage occurred in the Villa de Alvarez-Colima area. Extensive damage (VIII) at Colima and Tecoman. Some deaths and damaged occurred in Jalisco and Michoacan and a few buildings were damaged in Guanajuato and Morelos. Felt strongly (VI) in parts of Mexico City. Felt in central and southwestern Mexico from Nayarit and San Luis Potosi to Puebla and Tlaxcala. Also felt at Corpus Christi, Dallas, El Paso and by people in high-rise buildings at Houston, Texas. Landslides closed a segment of the Colima-Guadalajara Highway and the port at Manzanillo. Power and telephone outages occurred in Mexico City. A local tsunami of about 1 m (peak-to-trough) was recorded at Manzanillo. A seiche was observed on Lake Pontchartrain and sediment was stirred up in wells in Louisiana. This shallow earthquake occurred in a seismically active zone near the coast of central Mexico. The earthquake occurred near the juncture of three tectonic plates: the North American Plate to the north-east, the Rivera Plate to the north-west, and the Cocos Plate to the south. Both the Rivera Plate and the Cocos Plate are being consumed beneath the North American Plate. The slower subducting Rivera Plate is moving north-west at about 2 cm per year relative to the North American Plate and the faster Cocos Plate is moving in a similar direction at a rate of about 4.5 cm per year. More information in Spanish about this earthquake may be obtained from UNAM, online at http://www.ssn.unam.mx/Colima030121/ and from CENAPRED at http://www.cenapred.unam.mx/noticias.html.
February 24, Southern Xinjiang, China, 6.4
At least 261 people killed, 4,000 injured, 71,000 buildings collapsed, 40,119 damaged and utilities disrupted in the Bachu County area. About 38,259 livestock killed. Felt as far as Urumqui. Also felt at Almaty, Kazakhstan.
May 01, Eastern Turkey, 6.4
At least 176 people killed, more than 1,000 injured and extensive damage in the Bingol area. Felt strongly in much of eastern Turkey.
May 21, Northern Algeria, 6.8
At least 1,785 people killed, 7,600 injured and extensive damage in the Algiers-Bourmerdes-Thenia area. A tsunami generated with an estimated wave height of 2 m caused damage to boats and underwater telephone cables off the Balearic islands, Spain. Also felt in Monaco and southeastern Spain.
December 26, Southeastern Iran, 6.5
At least 31,000 dead, 100,000 injured.
Earthquakes with the most casualties in 2004
December 26, Off the West Coast of Northern Sumatra, 9.0M
This is the fourth largest earthquake in the world since 1900 and is the largest since the 1964 Prince William Sound, Alaska earthquake. In total, more than 283,100 people were killed, 14,100 are still listed as missing and 1,126,900 were displaced by the earthquake and subsequent tsunami in 10 countries in South Asia and East Africa. The earthquake was felt (IX) at Banda Aceh, (VIII) at Meulaboh and (IV) at Medan, Sumatra and (III-V) in parts of Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar, Singapore, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The tsunami caused more casualties than any other in recorded history and was recorded nearly world-wide on tide gauges in the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. Seiches were observed in India and the United States. Subsidence and landslides were observed in Sumatra. A mud volcano near Baratang, Andaman Islands became active on December 28 and gas emissions were reported in Arakan, Myanmar. (last updated 2/23/05).
February 24, Near North Coast of Morocco, 6.4
At least 628 people killed, 926 injured, 2,539 homes destroyed and more than 15,000 people homeless in the Al Hoceima-Imzourene-Beni Abdallah area, Morocco. Maximum intensity IX in the Imzourene-Ait Kamra area. Ground cracks and landslides were observed between Ajdir and Beni Abdallah and maximum horizontal acceleration of 0.24g was recorded near Imzourene. Felt from Tetouan to Nador and as far south as Fes. Felt (V) at Melilla and (III) in many parts of southern Spain from Algeciras to Roquetas de Mar. Felt (II) at Cordoba, Granada, Huelva, Jaen and Madrid. Also felt in Gibraltar. Several aftershocks killed at least three people and destroyed previously weakened buildings. This earthquake occurred near the eastern end of the Rif mountain belt, which is part of the diffuse boundary between the African and Eurasian plates. The moment tensors and pattern of surface cracks indicate left-lateral strike-slip faulting on a buried NE-SW trending fault. This quake occurred near the epicenter of the magnitude 6.0 Al Hoceima earthquake of May 26, 1994, that injured one person and caused significant damage to adobe buildings. Special reports for this earthquake are available on the website http://www.emsc-csem.org.
Earthquakes with the most casualties in 2004
Earthquakes with the most casualties in 2005
March 28, Northern Sumatra, Indonesia, 8.7M
At least 1000 people killed, 300 injured and 300 buildings destroyed on Nias; 100 people killed, many injured and several buildings damaged on Simeulue; 200 people killed in Kepulauan Banyak; 3 people killed, 40 injured and some damage in the Meulaboh area, Sumatra. A 3-meter tsunami damaged the port and airport on Simeulue. Tsunami runup heights as high as 2 meters were observed on the west coast of Nias and 1 meter at Singkil and Meulaboh, Sumatra. Felt (VI) at Banda Aceh and (V) at Medan. At least 10 people were killed during evacuation of the coast of Sri Lanka. Felt (IV) along the west coast of Malaysia; (IV) at Bangkok and (III) at Phuket, Thailand; (III) at Singapore; (III) at Male, Maldives. The quake was also felt in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India and in Sri Lanka. Tsunami wave heights (peak to trough) recorded from selected tide stations: about 40 cm on Panjang, Indonesia; about 25 cm at Colombo, Sri Lanka; 40 cm on Hanimadu, 18 cm at Male and 10 cm at Gan, Maldives. Initial observations indicate about 1 meter of subsidence on the coast of Kepulauan Banyak as well as 1 meter of uplift on the coast of Simeulue. Seiches were observed on ponds in West Bengal, India.
February 22, Central Iran, 6.4M
At least 612 people killed and 1,411 injured in Kerman Province. An estimated 8,000 homes damaged or destroyed in the Zarand area.
October 8, 2005, Pakistan, 7.6 M
The earthquake hit Pakistan, Afghanistan and India. More than 30 000 killed, est. On October 10.
Earthquakes with the most casualties in 2005